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Sexuality Education

MOE Sexuality Education in Schools

1. Sexuality Education (SEd) in schools is about enabling students to understand the physiological, social and emotional changes they experience as they mature, develop healthy and rewarding relationships including those with members of the opposite sex, and make wise, informed and responsible decisions on sexuality matters. SEd is premised on the importance of the family as the basic unit of society. This means encouraging healthy, heterosexual marriages and stable nuclear family units with extended family support. The teaching and learning of SEd is based on respect for the values and beliefs of the different ethnic and religious communities in Singapore on sexuality issues.

2. The goals of Sexuality Education are to:

(i) To help students make wise, responsible and informed decisions through the provision of accurate, current and age-appropriate  knowledge  on human sexuality and the consequences of sexual activity;

(ii) To help students know themselves and build healthy and rewarding relationships through the acquisition of  social and emotional skills  of self-awareness, management of their thoughts, feelings and behaviours, development of empathy for others, possession of effective communication, problem-solving and decision-making skills; and

(iii) To help students develop a moral compass, respect for themselves and for others as sexual beings, premised on the family formed from a healthy, heterosexual marriage as the basic unit of society, through the inculcation of  positive mainstream values and attitudes  about sexuality.

3. The key messages of Sexuality Education are:

(i)  Love and respect yourself as you love and respect others;

(ii) Build positive relationships based on love and respect (which are the foundation for strong families);

(iii)Make responsible decisions for yourself, your family and society; and

(iv)Abstinence before marriage is the best protection against STIs/HIV and unintended pregnancies. Casual sex can harm and hurt you and your loved ones.

You may click  here  for more information on MOE Sexuality Education.

Overview of Xinmin Secondary  School’s  Sexuality Education Programme for 2015

4. Sexuality Education is delivered in a holistic manner through the school curriculum. The content for Sexuality Education is grouped into five main themes: Human Development, Interpersonal Relationships, Sexual Health, Sexual Behaviour, and, Culture, Society and Law.

5. The subjects that incorporate topics on sexuality include:

a.  Science

b.  Civics and Moral Education / Character and Citizenship Education

Growing Years (GY) Programme :

i.  “The Teenage Years” (Lower Sec) Teaching & Learning resource package

ii. “Sense & Sexuality” (Upper Sec) Teaching & Learning resource package

6. The values and attitudes of our youth towards sexuality are increasingly shaped by their peers, exposure to the media, popular culture and the internet. Adolescence is a complex stage in life as the adolescent attempts to find his/her own identity and often struggles with new social relationships. The period of middle adolescence (generally from 15 – 17 years old) can be a turbulent period for adolescents. The gap between physical and emotional/cognitive maturity may result in a tendency to act on impulse, experiment with various activities (including sexual activities), sometimes without understanding the unpleasant consequences that may arise from such experimentation. The need for peer acceptance can be overwhelmingly strong, and hinder one’s ability to act responsibly.  Given the pressures faced by the middle adolescent from within themselves and from peers, it is important to build a strong sense of self-worth, personal conviction and an understanding of the possible consequences of sexual behaviour.

7. Through “The Teenage Years” and “Sense & Sexuality” packages, secondary students will have the opportunity to develop a positive self-esteem, develop their character, and expand their understanding and repertoire of skills to deal with various issues related to sexuality, which are of prime concern at this age.

eTeens Programme :

8.  eTeens  is a programme developed by Health Promotion Board, in collaboration with the Ministry of Education, for Secondary 3 students. The programme was introduced to secondary schools in 2007 as the Breaking Down Barriers (BDB) programme, to provide students with accurate information on STIs, HIV and protection from a health perspective.  eTeens  is conducted in two segments – a mass talk segment and a classroom-based programme.

9.  Students are taught skills such as decision-making, assertiveness and negotiation to say “no” to sex and negative peer pressure. They also learn that the impact of STIs/HIV extends beyond themselves and involves their family. Abstinence and upholding family values are the key messages. The desired outcome of the  eTeens  programme is that students are empowered to make wise, informed and sensible decisions.

At Xinmin Secondary School, the following lessons from the Growing Years will be taught in 2015
Level

Growing Years Programme (5 hours per level per year)

Time Period

Topics/Lessons

Learning Objectives

Sec 1

The Real Self -                      Is that really me?

1.    know how one’s perception of his body is linked to personal experiences and the sources of information that are taken in 

2.    recognise that one’s self-perception is influenced by his perception of his body 

3.    know strategies to develop a healthy or positive perception of one’s body 
Term 1 Week 9

Respectful relationships- Healthy Friendships (Are we more than just friends)

1.    recognise the importance of cultivating friendships with members of the same and opposite sex 

2.    recognise what constitutes healthy and unhealthy relationships 

3.    recognise the influence of peers on oneself and one’s value system 

4.    distinguish between various types of love 

5.    know that the underlying value for healthy relationships is respect 
Term 2 Week 2

Respectful relationships- A touchy issue

1.    recognise the importance of developing a friendship before committing to a romantic relationship 

2.    recognise what dating involves 

3.    know the different levels of physical intimacy in a relationship 

4.    know that certain public displays of affection are not considered appropriate behaviour in our society 

5.    recognise that it is important to seek their family’s views, beliefs and expectations with regard to dating and romantic relationships in their teenage years 
Term 2 Week 4

"Familiar" Strangers Alert -Media truths and lies

1.    reflect on the reasons for people  to use social networking sites to make friends or to engage their existing friends                                                

2.    know the usefulness and dangers of making friends over social 

3.    recognise that the media can influence the way people think,  feel and behave 

4.    identify ways to protect themselves from negative influences influence thinking from the media 
Term 2 Week 5

"Familiar" Strangers Alert (II) -  Being aware, being safe

1.    know the physiological, psychological and social impact of sexual abuse on the individual 

2.    recognise the provision of Singapore laws that serves to protect teenagers from  sexual perpetrators and persecute those who have committed sexual crimes 

3.    identify sources to seek help and support 
Term 2 Week 6

Sec 2

Lessons About Love - Breaking up is not easy

1.    Reflect on things in our lives that we can be appreciative and happy about, and actions we can take to adopt a positive outlook to life. 
Term 1 Week 9

Lessons About Love -  The morning after (I) + Main Task

1.    recognise the sources of temptation and situations that can lead to pre-marital sex 

2.    resist pressure to engage in sexual activities 

3.    know the consequences of engaging in pre-marital sex         

4.    recognise that respect and responsible decision making are important in relationships 

5.    recognise the value of sexual abstinence 

6.    identify sources to seek 
Term 2 Week 1

At the Crossroads - Responsible me, Safe me

1.    describe what pornography is, and why people view pornographic materials 

2.    examine the effects of pornography on self and others         

3.    know what masturbation is, and its relation to pornography 

4.    recognise the harmful consequences of excessive masturbation 

5.    recognise that they are able to make responsible decisions to manage their sexual desires 

6.    know appropriate sources to obtain accurate information about sex 
Term 2 Week 2

At the Crossroads -           
A role for everyone

1.    define what gender role is 

2.    know the influence of family, culture and society on one’s perception of his gender role 

3.    appreciate/affirm one’s own unique qualities and characteristics as a male or female 

4.    define what sexual orientation (heterosexuality and homosexuality) is 

5.    recognise the need to treat people with respect regardless of their sexual orientation 
Term 2 Week 4

Sec 3

The Real Self -
Beauty or the Beast?

1.    recognise the importance of having healthy self-esteem that is not affected by external influences 

2.    demonstrate strategies to identify and evaluate sources that contribute towards healthy self-esteem 

3.    recognise the importance of self-esteem in building friendships and healthy relationships 
Term 2 Week 6

Lessons About Love - Getting to know you

1.    recognise what constitutes responsible dating 

2.    evaluate if a dating relationship is healthy or unhealthy 

3.    demonstrate competencies in managing emotions in dating and romantic relationships 
Term 2 Week 9

Lessons About Love -    Mean what you say and say what you mean

1.    recognise the different levels of physical intimacy  in a relationship 

2.    know the progressive nature of actions that lead to sexual arousal and intercourse 

3.    recognise that one may unintentionally invite sexual intimacy 
Term 3 Week 1

Lessons About Love - Publicly private matters of the heart

1.    evaluate the norms of acceptability for public display of affection 

2.    recognise how new media has shaped public perception of acceptability of public display of affection 

3.    identify the strengths  and limitations of new media in allowing people to develop serious relationships 

4.    recognise how new media has influenced relationship building both positively and negatively 

5.    appreciate the value of face-to-face  relationships 
Term 3 Week 2

Sec 4

Lessons About Love - Moving on - beyond the breakup

1.    explain the process of grief and loss that people experience  when a relationship breaks down 

2.    exercise sensitivity and empathy when communicating break- ups 

3.    recognise that one can emerge stronger after a break-up 
Term 1 Week 5

"Familiar" Strangers Alert -  In the name of the law

1.    know what is considered pornographic material on the Internet under the Internet code of practice 

2.    reflect on the legal consequences of sexual behaviour and include these considerations in their decision-making pertaining  to pornography 
Term 1 Week 7

At the Crossroads -       Must it be as expected?

1.    distinguish  between biologically-based and socially-conditioned gender characteristics 

2.    evaluate views towards self and others, with regard to gender differences and stereotypes 
Term 1 Week 8

Lessons About Love -  Happily ever after? + Main Task

1.    recognise that commitment is a necessary ingredient for success in a marriage 

2.    identify responsibilities involved and the challenges faced in marriages experiences 
Term 1 Week 9

Sec 5

Lessons About Love -      Love conquers all? + Main Task

1.    reflect on the qualities of a healthy romantic relationship 

2.    evaluate one’s readiness for a romantic relationship, leading to marriage 

3.    recognise that intimacy in a relationship need not be limited to physical intimacy 

4.    recognise that break ups can allow one to understand himself/herself better 
Term 3 Week 1

 
At Xinmin Secondary School, the  eTeens  programme will be implemented for  only Secondary Three students  as follows in 2015:
Topics/Lessons

Programme Learning Objectives

Time Period

Mass Talk by HPB appointed vendor

·         Awareness of the different STIs and HIV/AIDS

·         Modes of transmission

·         Modes of protection, specifically on how the condom is used

·         Consequences and impact of STIs/HIV

Term 2 Week 8/9 (post exams)

Classroom-based Lesson 2: Assertiveness

·         Understand what assertive behaviour is

·         Practise responding to persuasion assertively

Term 3 Week 6 (post exams)


Information for Parents
10.  Parents may opt their children out of Growing Years,  eTeens  and/or sexuality education programmes by external providers.

11.  Parents who wish to opt their children out of the  Growing Years (GY) programme  need to complete an opt-out form. This form will be distributed to parents at the start of the year and is also downloadable  here . A hardcopy of the form, duly completed and signed, is to be submitted to the school office by 15/01/2015.

12.  Parents who wish to opt their children out of the  eTeens programme  need to complete an opt-out form. This form will be distributed to parents at the start of the year and is also downloadable  here . A hardcopy of the form, duly completed and signed, is to be submitted to the school office by 15/01/2015 .

13.  Parents may wish to attend the school sexuality education programmes with their children. Parents should contact the school to make the necessary arrangements.

14.  Parents can contact the school at 6288 9382 or xinmin_ss@moe.edu.sg for discussion or to seek clarification about the school’s sexuality education programme.